Spotlight

Spotlight On… Actinic keratosis

by Deen Kurrimbux

Actinic keratoses (AK) are dry scaly patches of skin caused by long-term exposure to the sun. Also known as solar keratoses the patches can vary in colour (red, pink or brown) and diameter (from millimetres to centimetres) and the skin can become very thick often forming small hooks and spikes.

Spotlight on… Melanoma

by Deen Kurrimbux

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. Its occurrence is high among North and North-western Caucasian males and females living in sunny climates. There is a direct correlation between geographical location, intensity of sunlight (in particular U.V.) and amount of skin pigmentation in the local population.

Spotlight On… Impetigo

by Deen Kurrimbux

Impetigo is a common and highly contagious superficial skin infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus that results in sores and skin blisters.

Spotlight On… Eczema

by Deen Kurrimbux

Otherwise known as atopic dermatitis, Eczema is a condition that makes the skin of the sufferer red and itchy. Commonality is in children but can occur at any age. It is a chronic (long lasting) condition which tends to flare and fade periodically and is often accompanied by asthma and hay fever.

Spotlight On… Chronic actinic dermatitis

by Deen Kurrimbux

A rare chronic skin condition that affects mainly males over the age of 50 although it may occur in younger individuals with atopic dermatitis. Chronic actinic dermatitis (CAD) is a severe form of eczema in which either natural sunlight or artificial light (UV) is the main causal factor, thus individuals with CAD are very sensitive to light. In extreme cases exposure to light in as little as 30 seconds will cause a reaction. The stronger the light, the stronger the reaction.

Spotlight On… Vasculitis

by Deen Kurrimbux

Vasculitis is the inflammation of the blood vessels. The inflammation is due to the immune system’s reaction to infection or damage. The blood vessels leak plasma (a blood constituent) causing the surrounding cells to swell up isolating any potential micro-organism.

Spotlight On… Vasculitis

by Deen Kurrimbux

Vasculitis is the inflammation of the blood vessels. The result of inflammation is due to the immune system’s reaction to infection or damage. The blood vessels leak plasma (a blood constituent) causing the surrounding cells to swell up isolating any potential micro-organism. Vasculitis is an auto-immune disease meaning that the body’s immune system will attack the blood vessels by mistake. There are factors, however, that will trigger this response: it could be medicinal, an infection of pre-existing medical conditional. More than half of cases are idiopathic (unknown cause).

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The prevalence of skin disease exceeds that of obesity, hypertension, or cancer. Despite skin being the largest organ of the human body, dermatological research remains one of the most under funded areas of medicine. In a world where society has an increasing preoccupation with image and it’s importance to every aspect of a person’s life, sufferers of skin diseases are feeling and being more marginalised and isolated than ever.

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