Skin Awareness Spotlight

Welcome to our spotlight on skin disease & conditions. Feel free to read the excerpts on each and select one or more to learn about the diseases, find out how they affect people, and recommended treatments.



Acne is a common skin condition that will affect most people at some stage in their lives.
[Read more]

 Actinic keratosis

Actinic keratoses (AK) are dry scaly patches of skin caused by long-term exposure to the sun. Also known as solar keratoses the patBasal Cellhes can vary in colour (red, pink or brown) and diameter (from millimetres to centimetres) and the skin can become very thick often forming small hooks and spikes. [Read more]


Alopecia Areata belongs to a group of diseases that typically cause patches of or total baldness. In many cases, the hair loss is reversible and grow normally after several months. [Read more]

 Athlete's foot

Tinea pedis more commonly known as athlete’s foot (AF) is a fungal infection usually occurring between the toes. It appears as an itchy, red rash on the skin.[Read more]

 Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)

Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are thought to arise from hair follicle cells which are slow-growing, locally invasive malignant epidermal skin tumours. [Read more]

 Bowen's Disease

An early form of easily treatable skin cancer. The abnormal growth takes place on the outer layer of the skin called the squamous cells. [Read more]


Cellulitis is an infection of the deep layer of the skin (the dermis). It is caused by various type of bacteria entering any broken parts of the skin. [Read more]

 Chronic actinic dermatitis (CAD)

A rare chronic skin condition that affects mainly males over the age of 50 although it may occur in younger individuals with atopic dermatitis. [Read more]


Otherwise known as atopic dermatitis, Eczema is a condition that makes the skin of the sufferer red and itchy. [Read more]

 Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex (EB)

Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex (EB) is a group of hereditary epidermolysis bullosa disorders characterised by skin fragility resulting in skin blisters and erosions that occur either spontaneously or after physical trauma.
[Read more]


A common condition whereby an individual perspires excessively. This can either be the entire body or in areas. While not a serious threat to the individual’s health it is seen as a socially unacceptable trait which can be embarrassing and in some cases lead to depression. [Read more]


Ichthyosis is a group of 26 skin diseases derived from the Ancient Greek word “ichthys” meaning “fish” because of the way the symptoms manifest as dry, hard and scaly skin. [Read more]


Impetigo is a common and highly contagious superficial skin infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus that results in sores and skin blisters. [Read more]


Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. Its occurrence is high among North and North-western Caucasian males and females living in sunny climates. There is a direct correlation between geographical location, intensity of sunlight (in particular U.V.) and amount of skin pigmentation in the local population. [Read more]


Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes red, flaky crusty patches of skin on the elbows, knees, scalp and back of a sufferer. It can appear all over the body in some cases. The patches can be itchy or sore in some people. [Read more]


Scabies is a skin condition caused by the parasitic Sarcoptes scabiei mite. It causes intense itchiness and rashes brought on by the host body’s reaction of the immune system to the presence of the mites’ saliva, eggs and faeces. [Read more]


Shingles is a viral infection along a nerve pathway and the surrounding tissue. The same virus that causes chickenpox is responsible for shingles (also called herpes zoster). [Read more]


Scleroderma is a skin disease that results in hard, thickening of the outer dermal layer. It is an uncommon autoimmune disease with no known cure that affects the lower layers and the surrounding organs and blood vessels.
[Read more]

 Skin cancer (non melanoma)

Non-melanoma skin cancer is part of a group of skin cancers that slowly develop in the upper layers of the skin. Skin cancer in general is one of the most common cancers in the world. [Read more]


Vasculitis is the inflammation of the blood vessels. The result of inflammation is due to the immune system’s reaction to infection or damage. [Read more]


Vitiligo is a long-term disease that causes depigmentation of polymer melanin either all over or in specific areas of the skin. This occurs when the skin pigment cells (melanocytes) die or are unable to function properly. This process is usually permanent.[Read more]



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The prevalence of skin disease exceeds that of obesity, hypertension, or cancer. Despite skin being the largest organ of the human body, dermatological research remains one of the most under funded areas of medicine. In a world where society has an increasing preoccupation with image and it’s importance to every aspect of a person’s life, sufferers of skin diseases are feeling and being more marginalised and isolated than ever.

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